3 edition of Releases of radionuclides to surface waters at Krasnoyarsk-26 and Tomsk-7 found in the catalog.
Releases of radionuclides to surface waters at Krasnoyarsk-26 and Tomsk-7
by International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in Laxenburg, Austria
Written in English
|Statement||Robert D. Waters ... [et al.].|
|Contributions||Waters, Robert D.|
|LC Classifications||TD427.R3 R45 1999|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||vi, 118 p. :|
|Number of Pages||118|
|LC Control Number||00330656|
The SKIN Project was a 3-year collaborative project under the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM). It intended to assess the effect of surface properties on apparent solubility, as well as the kinetics of incorporation of radionuclides in the structure of a solid phase, and the associated reaction mechanisms for various solids in a systematic manner. clides in drinking water are radium, radon and uranium. Most of the radionuclides in drinking water occur nat-urally at very low levels and are not considered a pub-lic health concern. However, radionuclides can also be discharged into drinking water from human activity, such as from active nuclear power plants or other facil-.
Once deposited on any vegetation, radionuclides are removed from plants by the airstre am and rain, either through percolation or by cuticular scratch. The increase in biomass during plant growth does not cause a loss of activity, but it does lead to a decrease in activity concentration due to effective dilution. Canada, has prepared a document, "Inventory of Radionuclides for the Great Lakes." This report uses a material balance approach to describe the quantities and composition of reported releases of radionuclides to air and water, and the distribution of these nuclides in atmospheric, aquatic.
Radionuclide tracer module Model validation results Kara Sea shelf sea model General model description Model validation results The Ob' and Yenesei River and estuary models One-dimensionalmodel for the simulation of the transport of radionuclides in the river system - RIVTOX Numerical model for three. One of the most essential topics addressed in the book is the migration and fate of radionuclides. Model development is motivated by field data analysis from a number of radioactively contaminated sites in the Russian Federation: near-surface radioactive waste disposal sites and .
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Releases of Radionuclides to Surface Waters at Krasnoyarsk and Tomsk-7 Robert D. Waters Keith L. Compton Vladimir Novikov Frank L. Parker RR May International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria Tel: +43 Fax: +43 E-mail: [email protected] Web: Another study evaluated radiological impacts of radionuclide releases into the surface waters from two Siberian nuclear complexes: the Mining and Chemical Combine in Zheleznogorsk (Krasnoyarsk).
R.D. Waters & K.L. Compton & V. Novikov & F. Parker, "Releases of Radionuclides to Surface Waters at Krasnoyarsk and Tomsk-7," Working Papers rr, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Handle: RePEc:wop:iasawp:rr Releases of Radionuclides to Surface Waters at Krasnoyarsk and Tomsk By R.D.
Waters, K.L. Compton, MPA), Tomsk-7 (Siberian Chemical Combine), and Krasnoyarsk (Mining and Chemical Combine - MCC) account for the vast majority of the radioactive materials released to the environment in the FSU, these sites are the focus of RAD's.
Releases of Radionuclides to Surface Waters at Krasnoyarsk. Releases of Radionuclides to Surface Waters at Krasnoyarsk and Tomsk-7 By R. Waters, K.L. Compton, V. Novikov and F. Parker Get PDF (2 MB). The releases of radioactivity at the Krasnoyarsk site have been to surface water bodies and to underground geologic media.
The direct releases to the Yenisey River from the discharges of reactor cooling water and possibly from migration from reservoirs are the primary sources of radioactivity to the Kara Sea from this site (Fig. At all three sites, liquid wastes were discharged to surface waters, but at Tomsk and Krasnoyarsk, much larger amounts have been injected through deep wells into confined aquifers underlying the sites.
Since the early s, at least 2 billion Ci have been injected, with a current activity of at least billion Ci. Krasnoyarsk Site General Information. The Krasnoyarsk deep-well injection site is a part of the plutonium and enriched uranium production industrial complex (plant), which is located on the eastern side of the Yenisei River, about 40–50 km northeast of the city of Krasnoyarsk (the eastern edge of the West Siberia Basin).
Preferential releases of radioisotopes from nuclear waste forms could affect repository performance, but consequences of this differential radioisotope releases were usually neglected in performance assessments.
Natural geochemical fluxes of chemical elements and radionuclides were relevant to both radioactive and toxic waste disposal (Vaganov.
This chapter focuses on the linking legacies of the cold war to arrival of anthropogenic radionuclides in the oceans through the 20th century. This chapter is intended to summarize the sources and occurrences of man-made radioactivity in the oceans, as well as provide a technical basis for addressing public misunderstandings about the risks.
In Caldas, Brazil, uranium mining caused fluoride, manganese, uranium, and zinc contamination of creek waters that feed a local water supply .
Surface water contamination due to uranium mining. In particular, releases of radioactivity from Russian production reactors and reprocessing facilities such as Tomsk-7 and Mayak are potential sources of anthropogenic radionuclides ( Cs, 90 Sr,Pu, Am, 60 Co, Np, I and others) to the Ob system.
Part of the NATO Science Series book series (ASDT, volume 29) Abstract Since the end of the Cold War inU.S. nuclear scientists have focused on establishing trust with their Russian colleagues through joint research projects designed to protect nuclear weapons materials and provide employment for former Russian nuclear-weapons specialists.
This procedure was practiced at the sites of the Research Institute for Reactor Engineering Dimitrovgrad and at radiochemical facilities in Tomsk-7 and Krasnoyarsk The deposits (layers of sand, limestone) lie at depths below m and are isolated from other ground water horizons and the surface by overlying layers with low permeability.
Accepting the 30% Np contribution from Sellafied to the PML calculated above, then of the 1×10 25 atoms of excess Np in these waters, ∼07×10 25 atoms would be derived from the combined discharges at Tomsk-7, Krasnoyarsk, and Mayak.
In total, this represents slightly less than 2% of the Sellafield discharges over the same time. The results are reported in the IIASA study Releases of Radionuclides to Surface Waters at Krasnoyarsk and Tomsk-7, R dated May No offsite contamination resulted from.
Releases of Radionuclides to Surface Waters at Krasnoyarsk and Tomsk when impact of short-lived radionuclides will be the most importance; - the cumulative probability of the NRS impact. Reference: Releases of Radionuclides to Surface Waters at Krasnoyarsk and Tomsk-7 Kara Sea Field Experiments and Analysis.
Progress Report. You have selected Service & Support for Waters instruments and software. Are you requesting Service & Support on. Contemporary activity concentrations of long-lived artificial radionuclides (3)H, (90)Sr, ()Cs and (,)Pu in river water were below the intervention levels established by current.The other division of the major study direction depends on whether the objective is to use the radionuclides as powerful tools to study oceanic processes, to describe and understand the ocean distribution of the various natural or artificial radionuclides or to assess the different radionuclides' impact on and pathways to man or marine organisms.Unique among all the contaminants that adversely affect surface and water quality, radioactive compounds pose a double threat from both toxicity and damaging radiation.
The extreme energy potential of many of these materials makes them both useful and toxic. The unique properties of radioactive materials make them invaluable for medical, weapons, and energy applications.